Course details

  • id
  • International law
  • Diritto internazionale
  • International Telematic University UNINETTUNO
  • Law and Governance
  • 9.00
  • Bachelor
  • It is necessary to have already passed private law and public law
  • Italian
  • Italian
  • 1
  • Oral exam
  • Student's home country
  • The course deals with the juridical system ruling International relations. International law is at first examined in its institutional profiles: in summary, its foundation, the subjects (in particular the States and the international organizations), the normative sources (customs, treaties and other typologies of sources), the adaptation of internal orders to international law, the political and juridical mechanisms for the peaceful settlement of disputes, the internationally wrongful act and the law of responsibility. The course will then deal with some essential features of international law: sovereignty, the law regarding the use of force, international cooperation in various sectors in particular with respect to the role of international organizations. Special attention will be given to the condition of the individual according to international law, especially with reference to human rights protection, as well as to the most recent developments in the field of international criminal justice and the protection of the environment and the right to development. The course of international law is crucial for students in order to acquire full awareness of the dynamics of the human relationships governed by law in the logic of internationalization featuring our current times and to acquire the necessary instruments to interact in such a context.

    The contents of the course are the following: the notion of international law, the essential features of the international community and its law, the historical phases in the development of international law, the subjects of international law; the States and the international organizations, the sources of international law in their general profiles, the customs, the treaties, the sources provided for by treaties, the relationships between international law and national law, the protection of sovereignty, the protection of the State’s organization, the prohibition of the use of force and the United Nations, international cooperation and international organizations, economic cooperation, the individual and its juridical condition in international law, the instruments for the protection of human rights, the political and juridical mechanisms for the settlement of disputes, the rules’ infringement and international responsibility.

    Texts for the exam:
    Benedetto CONFORTI, Diritto internazionale, VII edition, Editoriale Scientifica, Napoli, 2006 Antonio MARCHESI, Diritti umani e Nazioni Unite. Diritti, obblighi, garanzie, Franco Angeli, Milano, 2007. It is recommended to study consultino relevant legal documentation also available on the web (see e.g. the UN website: For a collection of the most relevant texts see Riccardo LUZZATTO, Fausto POCAR, Codice di diritto internazionale pubblico, G. Giappichelli, Torino (the most recent edition)
  • Il Corso è volto all’approfondimento del sistema di diritto che disciplina la vita di relazione internazionale. Il Diritto internazionale è esaminato anzitutto nei suoi profili istituzionali: in sintesi, il fondamento, i soggetti (in particolare gli Stati le organizzazioni internazionali), le fonti normative (consuetudini, trattati e altre tipologie di fonti), l’adattamento dei diritti interni al Diritto internazionale, i meccanismi di soluzione pacifica delle controversie (sia politici, sia giuridici), il fatto illecito e il diritto della responsabilità. Il corso affronterà quindi alcuni aspetti essenziali relativi al contenuto del Diritto internazionale: sovranità, disciplina relativa all’uso della forza, cooperazione internazionale in vari settori anche nel contesto dell’azione svolta dalle organizzazioni internazionali. Una particolare attenzione sarà data alla condizione propria dell’individuo ai sensi del Diritto internazionale, soprattutto con riferimento alla tutela dei diritti dell’uomo, nonché agli sviluppi più recenti della materia come quello della giustizia penale internazionale e quello della tutela dell’ambiente e dello sviluppo. Il Corso di Diritto internazionale è essenziale ai fini della consapevolezza dello studente in merito alle dinamiche di sviluppo delle relazioni umane disciplinate dal diritto nella logica dell’internazionalizzazione che caratterizza la fase storica attuale e ad acquisire gli strumenti per potere agire con efficacia in siffatto contesto.
    Il Corso mira a fare sì che gli studenti si approprino delle conoscenze necessarie per una piena comprensione della attuale fase di internazionalizzazione che caratterizza le relazioni umane ad ogni livello, e a fare proprie quelle competenze tecnico-giuridiche diritto internazionale che sono necessarie per operare con efficacia in questo contesto di relazioni internazionalizzate.

    Contenuti: Nozione di Diritto internazionale; Caratteri essenziali della comunità internazionale e del suo diritto; Le fasi storiche nello sviluppo del Diritto internazionale; I soggetti del diritto internazionale: gli Stati e le Organizzazioni internazionali; Le fonti del diritto internazionale nei profili generali; Le consuetudini; I trattati; Le fonti previste da accordi internazionali; I rapporti fra diritto internazionale e diritti interni; La tutela della sovranità; La tutela dell’organizzazione dello Stato; Il divieto dell’uso della forza e le Nazioni Unite; La cooperazione internazionale e le organizzazioni internazionali; La cooperazione economica internazionale; L’individuo e la sua condizione giuridica nel Diritto internazionale; Gli strumento per la protezione dei diritti dell’uomo; I meccanismi politici e giuridici di soluzione delle controversie; La violazione delle regole e la responsabilità internazionale.

    Testi d’esame:
    Benedetto CONFORTI, Diritto internazionale, VII edizione, Editoriale Scientifica, Napoli, 2006 Antonio MARCHESI, Diritti umani e Nazioni Unite. Diritti, obblighi, garanzie, Franco Angeli, Milano, 2007. Si raccomanda che lo studio sia accompagnato dalla consultazione della normativa e documentazione rilevante che può essere facilmente trovata in siti web, a cominciare da quello della Nazioni Unite ( Per una collezione dei testi più rilevanti lo studente potrà anche fare riferimento al testo Riccardo LUZZATTO, Fausto POCAR, Codice di diritto internazionale pubblico, G. Giappichelli, Torino (chiedere l’edizione più recente)
  • 45 Videolessons, slides, books and articles, bibliographies, websites, quiz and thematic exercices
  • The portal has been created in such a way as to offer maximum compatibility with the most commonly used systems available for students, teachers, tutors and any other possible users of the program. Tests have been conducted on the most common platforms (Mac OS, Windows, Linux) and on the principal browsers (Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, Opera).
    The code used conforms to the standards of W3C
    The hardware and software requirements are minimal and are generally fulfilled by a normal system designed for home use; the software used, which is distributed under different licence types but in any case is available free of charge, can be dowloaded from the sites of the respective companies that produce the software.In order to make the most of the multimedia contents present and of the tutoring online services, it is necessary:
    • to have a connection to the Internet. The minimum configuration consists of a PSTN connection (otherwise known as a telephone connection at 56Kbps) but for optimum use an ADSL connection is suggested, which becomes indispensable for videoconference tutoring.
    • to have installed on one's own systemone of the principal browsers available, for example: Internet Explorer 6.0 (available at the following address:, Mozilla Firefox 1.5 or superior (available at the following address:, Opera (available at the following address:
    • to have installed on one's own system the software Windows Media Player version 7.0 or superior which allows one to view the video lessons. The software is available free for downloading at the following address: On the Linux platform it is possibile to access films in streaming by installing the proper codec on one's own mutimedia player of choice.
    In order to use video-indexing menu with Firefox, install WMV Firefox Plugin released by Microsoft - Port25:
    • to have installed on one's own system the software Adobe Acrobat Reader version 6.0 or superior in order to view materials in pdf format. This software is available free of charge at the following address:
    • to have installed on one's own system Java runtime in order to view the conceptual map of the course. This software is available free of charge at the following address:

    • IMPORTANT NOTICE : Window Media Player configuration for firewalled/proxyed network's client:

    ASF streaming | UDP
    - Out: TCP port 1755
    - Out: UDP port 1755
    - In: UDP ports between 1024 and 5000
    ASF streaming | TCP
    - In/Out: TCP port 1755
    ASF streaming | HTTP
    - In/Out: TCP port 80

    Detailed information available on Microsoft Windows Media Site
    • Internet Explorer 7 / Windows Vista: launch Internet Explorer, then Tools -> Internet Options-> Protection, set protection level to "Medium";.restart Internet Explorer.
    • Windows Media Player: Launch Windows Media Player, than Tools -> Options -> Network. In the "MMS protocols" list, check "HTTP" only; remove flags from "RTSP/UDP" e "RTSP/TCP"
  • The Online Tutoring learning environment of the International Telematic University UNINETTUNO gives the student an absolutely active role; all the training materials are made available for this purpose. The student is not left alone, but he is guided by an expert tutor.
    This is the real interactive synchronic portal section. Inside this section real tutors/teachers assist students in the virtual classrooms by means of chat, also audio and video, correct their assignments, guide them to overcome learning and psychological difficulties, linked to distance student issues.
    Tutoring is structured in classes of 20 or 30 students, 20 for the Engineering Faculties and 30 for the other Faculties.
    The Tutor guides the students’ learning processes through synchronic teaching models (videoconferencing, chats, video-chats) and diachronic models (forums).
    In the framework of the didactic model adopted by the UTIU the tutor plays a crucial role since he/she stands as an intermediary among the actors of the teaching-learning process.
    The tutoring activity represents one of the most significant moments of the training process and requires a high degree of interactivity with the students. In particular, tutoring is complementary to the videolessons and to self-learning: actually, the tutor “designs” the students’ experience and act as an expert advisor and as a guide in the learning process.
    From one hand, the Tutors carry on organisational tasks (solving practical problems linked to the use of the training materials; assess the learning results; if it is the case, adapt, modify and/or develop the supplementary training materials); on the other hand, they have training support tasks (motivate the students, familiarise them with use of computer technologies; check their past knowledge and help them to understand the most difficult notions; help them to develop more appropriate study strategies, above all as it regards timing; enhance their critical attitudes; make them aware of the real difficulties and of the progress made; help them to develop realistic auto-assessments; prepare them for the final exam through appropriate exercises and discussion by means of virtual classrooms, videoconferencing, chats, forums; promote the structuring of network of knowledge exchange.

    The UTIU tutor‘s role takes place by different didactic scenarios: “one-to-one” and “one-to-many”.

    “One to one” scenario (learning in a single mode)
    In this scenario, by means of videochats, chats, e-mail, the telematic tutor assists the student during his exploration of the different environments, giving a constant evaluation of his didactic progress, whenever the student wishes to. The telematic tutor, by means of interactive dialogues of the Socratic style, will help the student to analyse his own thinking and to discovers and correct not only his mistakes, but also their causes.
    In particular, the UTIU tutor has to:

    Support the student’s motivation with the aim of:
    - Mobilising and maintain motivation
    - Creating an open and positive atmosphere
    - Compensating the social requirements of the user-student

    Help on the content of the course
    - Connecting the contents with previous knowledge
    - Solving problems in the course contents
    - Stimulating the application of these contents in professional life

    Development of study skills
    -Promoting a critical sense
    - Developing learning styles and cognitive strategies
    - Helping to auto-regulate study and training
    - Promoting awareness of contextual learning factors
    - Introducing the student to the use of new technologies (e-mail, chat, videoconference, the Internet)

    Supply Evaluation/feedback
    - Informing the user-student of his/her progress
    - Preparing the user-student for his/her exams
    - Helping the user-student to develop realistic self-evaluation skills

    One to many” scenario (collaborative learning mode)
    In this scenario, by means of real-time videoconferences and off-line forums, the telematic tutor organizes and structures collaborative learning sessions with his class, to promote interaction among the different actors of the educational process. The organisation of students in classes allows to promote cooperation activities among the students themselves and at the same time to enhance the effectiveness of the tutors’ monitoring. Actually, the management of the classes of students gives the possibility to share activities such as the assignment of exercises or scheduling of the learning objectives; in addition, re-creating a learning social context, gives a significant motivation support to “distance” students.

    The UTIU tutor has to:
    - Organise group objectives clearly and precisely in order to prevent participants from wasting their energies on insignificant interactions and activities;
    - Define specialised tasks and assign them to the various members;
    - Clearly define the personal responsibilities of each member;

    Particular attention must be paid to the group objectives, which have various specific functions. The tasks will be selected so as to offer a stimulating but not impossible challenge in order to activate motivation and stimulate the sensation of self-effectiveness.
    • The tutor must support the student motivation by encouraging the creation of an open and positive social environment in order to stimulate reciprocal co-operation and help between students.

    The Tutors guide the establishment of learning communities in order to encourage the students to share their skills; more specifically, the students are stimulated to explain their reasoning and understand that of other people. These activities will “force” them to formulate their thoughts and knowledge clearly and respect and accept of other people’s ideas when their arguments are recognised as being valid in order to prevent a “cognitive conflict” from arising.
    There is a cognitive challenge in co-operation where user-students attempt to defend and argue their points of view with the other learning partners. With co-operation, people also learn that criticisms are aimed at ideas and not at people and this fact stimulate a feeling of respect towards the others and confrontation training that is seen as a moment of personal and social growth.
    In general, the tutor in has to:
    1. Play the role of teacher-director that designs learning scenarios and who, later on, cooperates with his “students” to create and educational path that should take into account different styles of learning;
    2. Supply the students not only with theoretical and conceptual tools, but also tools that could allow them to transform knowledge into practical abilities, then into professional skills;
    3. Promote, thanks to the “virtual laboratories”, the integration between knowing and being able to do;
    4. Develop models of sharing knowledge with the other users of the Network promoting collaborative learning processes;
    5. Play the role of somebody who orientates and facilitates and give everybody the necessary tools to help the student find the information he needs on the Net and avoid his getting lost in the Web Hyperspace;
    6. Promote socialization models on the Net

    As it regards his/her didactic role, the tutor should supply the students with a cognitive support:
    • Integrating basic knowledge, if inadequate, supplying information on the course structure and aims;
    • Giving user-students an evaluation and feed-back on the work done and the skills acquired both during the learning process and at the end of the course;
    • Developing study skills such as critical skills and meta-cognitive learning strategies;
    • Encouraging the anchoring of the new skills and knowledge to other knowledge and contexts;
    • Facilitating access to technologies and materials that the users students will use during the course.
    • Selecting the didactic material in order to guarantee access to information in an adequate format and level for the skills and knowledge of the various students.
    • Enhancing and strengthening, through constant monitoring of the students’ activities and students’ groups, the effectiveness of the solution of the learning problems.

    • To the teachers and students’ roles;
    • To evaluation procedures.
  • VE-Course
  • January
  • January
  • 3
  • 0.00
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